Tuesday, May 28, 2024

Chapter-3 [Ethical and Social Issues in ICT]

Answer the following questions

  1. What is ICT?
    ICT stands for Information and Communication Technology. It is a technology that collects data, store it, process it into information and communicate that information all over the world through computer, internet and other broadcasting technologies such as radio or television.
  2. What is social media? Give any four examples.
    Social media are the application or the website that allows user to share their idea, content and interact with each other using internet.
    Following are the examples of social media:
    i. Facebook
    ii. Instagram
    iii. Twitter (X)
    iv. YouTube
  3. Write down the advantages and disadvantages of social media.
    Advantages:
    i. Social media help people from different places to connect with each other.
    ii. It helps to promote the business and products.
    iii. It helps to get latest news and current events happening around the world.
    iv. It helps to enhance the knowledge form experts and professionals via social           media.
  4. What are the opportunities and threats in social media? List them.
    Opportunities in Social Media:
    i. It helps people to connect with each other.
    ii. It helps young people to improve their social skills.
    iii. It helps to promote business.
    iv. It helps in spreading awareness.
  5. What is hacking?
    Hacking is the process of intentionally gaining unauthorized access to the system.
  6. What is cyber bullying?
    Cyber bullying refers to bullying someone using the digital devices like cell phones, computer or tablets etc. by posting or sharing negative , harmful and unpleasant content about them.
  7. List any four ways to stay safe on social media.
    Following are the four ways of staying safe on social media:
    i. Use strong password and change it frequently.
    ii. Do not share password to anyone else.
    iii. Do not share your personal information such as phone number or address etc.
    iv. Do not forget to logout from your account after you finish online task.
  8. What is digital citizenship? Who are digital citizens?
    The set of duties and responsibilities of a digital citizen in a digital community is called digital citizenship.
    A digital citizen are the persons who has the skills and knowledge to use digital technology to participate in society, create and consume digital contents.
  9. What are the elements of digital citizenship?
    Following are the elements of digital citizenship.
    i. Digital Access
    ii. Digital Commerce
    iii. Digital Communication
    iv. Digital Security and Privacy
    v. Digital Health and Welfare
    vi. Digital Rights and Responsibilities
    vii. Digital Law
  10. What is digital footprint? List its types.
    The data traces of all the online activities that a person performs while using internet is called digital footprint.
    Its types are:
    i. Active Footprint
    ii. Passive Footprint
  11. What is digital signature? Define digital currency.
    A digital signature is the digital identity of the sender that uniquely identifies the particular sender electronically based on private key and public key.
  12. Define digital currency.
    Digital currency is a form of currency that is available only in digital or electronic form. It is also called digital money, electronic money, electronic currency, or cyber cash.
  13. What is cybercrime? List some cybercrimes.
    Any illegal activities committed using computer and internet is called cybercrime.
    Following are the examples of cybercrime:
    i. Hacking
    ii. Cyber Bullying
    iii. Online Fraud
    iv. Salami Saving
    v. Email Bombing
    vi. Child Pornography
    vii. Data Diddling
    viii. Cyber Stalking
  14. What is computer ethics? List any four commandments of computer ethics.
    The set of moral principles that regulates the use of computer is called computer ethics.
    Following are the commandments of computer ethics.
    i. You should not use computer to harm others.
    ii. You should not snoop around in other people’s file.
    iii. You should not interfere with other people’s computer work.
    iv. You should not use computer to steal.
  15. What is cyber law? When was cyber law of Nepal introduced?
    The law that deals with the legal issues of the internet usages and all devices connected over the network, their proper use in order to prevent and control cybercrimes is called cyber law.
    The cyber law of Nepal was introduced in 24th Bhadra, 2063 (9th September, 2006).
  16. Write any four provisions of cyber law of Nepal (ETA).
    Following are the four provisions of cyber law of Nepal.
    i. Provision of Network Services.
    ii. Provision of punishment for cybercrimes.
    iii. Provision of duties and responsibilities of the subscribers.
    iv. Provision of digital signature, electronic data processing etc.
  17. Define the terms:
    Hacker:
    A hacker is a person who uses a computer to gain an unauthorized access to the system or information.
    Cracker:
    A cracker is a computer user who attempts a break into copyright software or an information system.
    Salami Saving:
    It is a type of computer crime in which a criminal alters a program so that it subtracts a very small amount of money from each accounts and deposit it to the required account.
    Software Piracy:
    The act of illegally using, copying and distributing software without purchasing or having legal right is called software piracy.

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